ORPHEUS AND EURYDICE by Czeslaw Milosz, from Second Space (my favorite O and E poem)


Standing on flagstones of the sidewalk at the entrance to Hades

Orpheus hunched in a gust of wind

That tore at his coat, rolled past in waves of fog,

Tossed the leaves of the trees. The headlights of cars

Flared and dimmed in each succeeding wave.


He stopped at the glass-paneled door, uncertain

Whether he was strong enough for the ultimate trial.


He remembered her words: “You are a good man.”

He did not quite believe it. Lyric poets

Usually have – he knew it – cold hearts.

It is like a medical condition. Perfection in art

Is given in exchange for such an affliction.


Only her love warmed him, humanized him.

When e was with her, he thought differently about himself.

He could not fail her now, when she was dead.


He pushed open the door and found himself walking in a labyrinth,

Corridors, elevators. The livid light was not light but the dark of the earth.

Electronic dogs passed him noiselessly.

He descended many floors, a hundred, three hundred, down.


He was cold, aware that he was Nowhere.

Under thousands of frozen centuries,

On an ashy trace where generations had moldered,

In a kingdom that seemed to have no bottom and no end.


Thronging shadows surrounded him.

He recognized some of the faces.

He felt the rhythm of his blood.

He felt strongly his life with its guilt

And he was afraid to meet those to whom he had done harm.

But they had lost the ability to remember

And gave him only a glance, indifferent to all that.


For his defense he had a nine-stringed lyre.

He carried in it the music of the earth, against the abyss

That buries all the sounds in silence.

He submitted to the music, yielded

To the dictations of a song, listening with rapt attention,

Became, like his lyre, its instrument.


Thus he arrived at the palace of the rulers of that land.

Persephone, in her garden of withered pear and apple trees,

Black, with naked branches and verrucose twigs,

Listened from the funereal amethyst of her throne.


He sang the brightness of mornings and green rivers,

He sang of smoking water in the rose-colored daybreaks,

Of colors: cinnabar, carmine, burnt sienna, blue,

Of the delight of swimming in the sea under marble cliffs,

Of feasting on a terrace above the tumult of a fishing port,

Of the tastes of wine, olive oil, almonds, mustard, salt.

Of the flight of the swallow, the falcon,

Of a dignified flock of pelicans above a bay,

Of the scent of an armful of lilacs in summer rain,

Of his having composed his words always against death

And of having made no rhyme in praise of nothingness.


I don’t know – said the goddess – whether you loved her or not.

Yet you have come here to rescue her.

She will be returned to you. But there are conditions:

You are not permitted to speak to her, or on the journey back

To turn your head, even once, to assure yourself that she is behind you.


And so Hermes brought forth Eurydice.

Her face no longer hers, utterly gray,

Her eyelids lowered beneath the shade of her lashes.

She stepped rigidly, directed by the hand

Of her guide. Orpheus wanted so much

To call her name, to wake her from that sleep.

But he refrained, for he had accepted the conditions.


And so they set out. He first, and then, not right away,

The slap of the god’s sandals and the light patter

Of her feet fettered by her robe, as if by a shroud.

A steep climbing path phosphorized

Out of darkness like the walls of a tunnel.

He would stop and listen. But then

They stopped, too, and the echo faded.

And when he began to walk the double tapping commenced again.

Sometimes it seemed closer, sometimes more distant.

Under his faith a doubt sprang up

And entwined him like cold bindweed.

Unable to weep, he wept a the loss

Of the human hope for the resurrection of the dead,

Because he was, now, like every other mortal.

His lyre was silent, yet he dreamed, defenseless.

He knew he must have faith and he could not have faith.

And so he would persist for a very long time,

Counting his steps in a half-wakeful torpor.


Day was breaking. Shapes of rock loomed up

Under the luminous eye of the exit from underground.

It happened as he expected. He turned his head

And behind him on the path was no one.


Sun. And sky. And in the sky white clouds.

Only now everything cried to him: Eurydice!

How will I live without you, my consoling one!

But there was a fragrant scent of herbs, the low humming of bees,

And he fell asleep with his cheek on the sun-warmed earth.


~ Czeslaw Milosz, from Second Space,

   translated by the author and Robert Hass


The Death of a Soldier by Wallace Stevens

Life contracts and death is expected,

As in season of autumn.

The soldier falls.


He does not become a three-days personage.

Imposing his separation,

Calling for pomp.


Death is absolute and without memorial,

As in a season of autumn,

When the wind stops,


When the wind stops and, over the heavens,

The clouds go, nevertheless,

In their direction.


Wallace Stevens

Another Weeping Woman by Wallace Stevens

Pour the unhappiness out

From your too bitter heart,

Which grieving does not sweeten.

Poison grows in this dark.

It is in the water of tears

Its black blooms rise.

The magnificent cause of being,

The imagination, the one reality

In this imagined world

Leaves you

With him for whom no phantasy moves,

And you are pierced by a death.

The Bat by Theodore Roethke

The Bat

By day the bat is cousin to the mouse.


He likes the attic of an aging house.


His fingers make a hat about his head.


His pulse beat is so slow we think him dead.


He loops in crazy figures half the night


Among the trees that face the corner light.


But when he brushes up against a screen,


We are afraid of what our eyes have seen:


For something is amiss or out of place


When mice with wings can wear a human face.

Who St. Augustine Was by Baron Wormser 

He’s trying to tell his seventh period class
About the fourth century A.D. and 
Who St. Augustine was
And Jeannie Holzapple who’s reading
A Soap Opera Digest snugged inside her textbook
(He confiscates one every now and then to keep
Her alert) looks up at the clock and on the way 
Back to her ‘zine gazes as if she were staring 
At the ground from an airplane window 
At twenty thousand feet: 
“What is that?” her eyes say, “What is that?”

After seventeen years of World History, Mr. Pfeiffer
Knows indifference. He’s been there and if 
Most of his compadres have retreated 
Into the chirpy glitter of videocation
He still likes to slug it out in real time 
Even if it’s mud most days,
Sheer bored and bruised adolescent gumbo. 

So he asks if anyone’s wished someone else 
Had dropped dead in the past week, 
And Tony Campbell has his hand up fast
And says, “Yeah you!” before Pfeiffer can even call
His name and everyone laughs because if he were gone 
Maybe seventh period would disappear too.

After a certain number of furtive looks, more hands 
Go up until most of the class has them up –
Some defiant, some abashed, some grim and 
He tells them they’re all depraved and 
St. Augustine knew they were depraved and that’s
Why all high schools have assistant principals
Because of the ungovernable wickedness in everyone. 
St. Augustine had their number. 

But I’m not bad,” says Shelley Grossman 
Who didn’t raise her hand, and everyone looks at her
And he sees some strong smirks appear on some faces. 
“Now who’s a Donatist and who’s Augustinian?” he asks
While moving toward the blackboard and then he’s singing, 
“You’re no good, you’re no good, you’re no good,” 
As he begins writing words and drawing arrows
Which brings Jeanie out of her Digest 
Because his voice is atrocious 
And twenty-three minutes go by in contorted, excited
Conversation about the nature of people and God. 

Then, when the bell rings and they all let go of their 
Imagining. Pfeiffer goes over to the window and breathes
Deeply. The bad air feels good, the silence has wings.

Necessary Shadows by Peter Blegvard and Andy Partridge

“Because it carries
the past within it,
unlike mathematics,
draws backward.

This is the meaning of Eurydice.

Because the realness
of his inward being
lies at his back,
the man of words,
the singer,
will turn to the place of
necessary shadows.”

From the CD, Orpheus: The Lowdown, by Peter Blegvard and Andy Partridge, though this is, in fact, a found poem, a comment taken from George Steiner’s essay “A Future Literacy” published in the Atlantic Monthly in August 1971.